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Lloyd Sealy Library
John Jay College of Criminal Justice


OER Course Conversion Projects








History of Transnational Crime

Roth, M. (2014). Chapter 1 “Historical Overview of Transnational Crime.” In P. Reichel and J. Albanese (Eds.). Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, 2nd edition. SAGE Publications.

State Sovereignty and TOC

Williams, P. (2002). Transnational Organized Crime and the State. In R. Hall and T. Biersteker (Eds). The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press. 

Violent Non-State Actors

Williams, P.  (2008). Violent non-state Actors and National and international security. International Relations and Security Network. ETH Zurich. Available at:

Weak States

Williams, P. (2008). From the New Middle Ages to a New Dark Age: The Decline of the State and U.S. Strategy. Strategic Studies Institute (SSI). Available at:

Homework: The Fragile State Index

State-Organized Crime

Kelman, J. (2015). States Can Play, Too: Constructing a Typology of State Participation in Illicit Flows. Crime, Law and Social Change, 64(1), 37-55. (JJ library)

Mobility of Organized Crime Across Boarders Varese, F. (2011). Mafia Movements: A Framework for Understanding the Mobility of Mafia GroupsGlobal Crime12(3), 218-231. (JJ library)
International Drug Control Regime

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V. A., & Reuter, P. (2012). Change is Possible: The history of the International Drug Control Regime and Implications for Future Policymaking. Substance Use & Misuse47(8–9), 923–935. (JJ library)

Mena, F., & Hobbs, D. (2010). Narcophobia: Drugs Prohibition and the Generation of Human Rights AbusesTrends in Organized Crime13(1), 60–74. (JJ library)

Consequences of Counter-Drug Measures Windle, J., & Farrell, G. (2012). Popping the Balloon Effect: Assessing Drug Law Enforcement in Terms of Displacement, Diffusion, and the Containment Hypothesis. Substance Use & Misuse, 47(8-9), 868-876. (JJ library)
New Forms of Drugs NCB (2015). Precursors and chemicals frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. International Narcotics Control Board. Available at:
World Drug Trends UNODC (2016). World Drug Report 2016. Available at:
Arms Trafficking Feinstein, A., and Holden, P. (2014). “Arms Trafficking.” In L. Paoli (Ed.), Oxford Handbook on Organized Crime, pp. 444-460. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
Human Trafficking Kleemans, E., and Smit, M. (2014). Human Smuggling, Human Trafficking, and Exploitation in the Sex Industry. In L. Paoli (Ed.), Oxford Handbook on Organized Crime, pp. 381-402. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling Campana, P., and Varese, F. (2016). Exploitation in Human Trafficking and Smuggling. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research22(1), 89–105. (JJ library)
Human Trafficking, Exploitation and Peacekeeping Operations Mendelson, S. (2005). Peacekeepers and Human Trafficking in the Balkans. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Available online at:
Crime and Conflict Siegel, J. (2011). Trafficking of “Conflict Diamonds”. In C. Smith, S. Zhang, R. Barberet (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of International Criminology, pp. 200-211. New York, NY: Routledge.
Money Laundering Levi, M. (2014). Money Laundering. In L. Paoli (Ed.), Oxford Handbook on Organized Crime, pp. 419-444. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
Transnational Environmental Crime Michalowski, R. and Kramer, R. (2014). Chapter 10 “Transnational Environmental Crime” (pp. 189-212). In P. Reichel and J. Albanese (Eds.). Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, 2nd edn. SAGE Publications. (BB)
Counterfeiting Kangaspunta, K., and Musumeci, M. (2014). Chapter 6 “Trafficking in Counterfeit Goods” (pp. 101-117). In P. Reichel and J. Albanese (Eds.). Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, 2nd ed. SAGE Publications. (BB)