The name of the group that has taken over regions within the borders of Iraq and Syria has been variously named by their own leaders and those reporting about and responding to them. This group has been known by several acronyms ISIL/"The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant", ISIS/"The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq" or simply IS/"The Islamic State". In September 2014 The French Government began referring to this group by the Arabic 'Daesh' . Using the term in quotes "Islamic State" searching for books and articles in library databases is relatively effective. This page also provides other suggested search terms and current subject headings. At John Jay, we catalog books on ISIS under the subject heading IS (Organization)
See also The Islamic State Archives blog
The ISIS Files website was released in June 2020
Atwan, Abdel Bari (2015) Islamic State: the digital caliphate. (Oakland, California: University of California Press) Stacks - HV6433.I722 I8537 2015
Cockburn, Patrick (2015) The rise of Islamic state: ISIS and the new Sunni revolution. London; New York: Verso. Reserve Room - 3 hour loan - HV6433 .I722 C64 2015
Glass, Charles (2015) Syria burning: ISIS and the death of the Arab Spring. New York: OR Books [on order, check this link for arrival]
Stern, Jessica (2015) ISIS: the state of terror. New York, N.Y.: Ecco Press. Reserve Room - 3 day loan - HV6432.5 .I75 S74 2015
Warrick, Joby (2015) Black flags : the rise of ISIS. New York: Doubleday [on order, check this link for arrival]
Weiss, Michael (2015) ISIS : inside the army of terror. New York, NY : Regan Arts. [check this link for call number]
Subject Headings for Books: The following subject headings are suggested for finding book in CUNY+
Keyword Searching for Articles:
Islamic State (Organization)
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria
Islamic State and Syria
Islamic State and Iraq
Islamic State and Terrorism
Islamic State and Extremists
Islamic State AND Intervention
Terrorism -- Religious aspects -- Islam.
Terrorism -- Middle East.
Islamic fundamentalism -- United States.
Radicalism -- Religious aspects -- Islam.
Domestic terrorism -- United States.
Terrorists -- Recruiting -- United States.
related subject headings:
JABHAT al-Nusra (Organization) is a different group operating in Syria, connected to QAIDA (Organization) which has been in operation in other Middle Eastern Countries and from which Islamic State (Organization) is said to have split.
For el Shabaab in Africa use the subject term Shabaab (Organization)
U.S. Department of Defense "Operation Inherent Resolve"(Targeted Operations Against ISIL:Terrorists) Special Report
UNHCR (The United Nations Refugee Agency) Page on Syria, with links to information, statistics and reports
U.S. Department of Defense, 15th Lead Inspector General (November 2018) Report to the United States Congress on Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR), the overseas contingency operation to combat the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
Revkin, M. (2016) Legal Foundations of the Islamic State Brookings Institution.
Fordham University Center on National Security (2016) Case by Case: Report on ISIS Prosecutions in the United States, March 1, 2014 - June 30, 2016.
Ibrahim, Azeem. (2014) The resurgence of al-Qaeda in Syria and Iraq. Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania : Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press, 2014. Has a chapter on 'The Islamic State' direct link to this online report
Fact Sheet on the The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). National consortium on the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START).
Backgrounder: Islamic State of Syria and Iraq. Council on Foreign Relations.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. (2015) A global battleground: the fight against Islamist extremism at home and abroad : hearing before the Committee on Homeland Security, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, first session, March 24, 2015. Washington : U.S. Government Publishing Office. available online as text or PDF
An excerpt from: Arjomand, S. A. (2012). Islamic State. In M. Juergensmeyer & W. C. Roof (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Global Religion (Vol. 1, pp. 594-595). Los Angeles: SAGE Reference.
"Historically, the form of government established in Muslim regions by the successors of Prophet Muhammad was the caliphate. The ‘Abbāsid Caliphate was overthrown by the Mongols in the mid-13th century. Long before then, however, monarchy or the Sultanate had become the actual form of government in Muslim countries, albeit mostly under the suzerainty of the caliph. After the overthrow of the caliphate, monarchy became the general form of government in the Muslim world. The legitimacy of monarchy was primarily based on justice rather than the Shari'a (Islamic law), though the ruler obviously had to observe the latter. Neither the caliphate nor the sultanate was specifically designated as Islamic, even though they were historic forms taken by Muslim states.
The idea of the Islamic state emerged with the Islamic political ideologies of the third quarter of the 20th century and as the core concept of political Islam. It was adopted in the Persian form of hukumat-e islāmi as the slogan of the Islamic revolutionary movement in Iran in 1978 to 1979. The preamble to the 1979 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran defined it as an ideological (maktabi) state based on the theory of the vilāyat-e faqih (“mandate of the religious jurist”) as formulated by the leader of the Islamic revolutionary movement, Imam Khomeini. Elsewhere in the Muslim world, the Islamic state was defined by its main projected function of the application of the Shari'a and became the common demand of a variety of Islamist movements in the closing decades of the 20th century."
Read more of this entry in the Gale Virtual Reference Library (CUNY USE ONLY)
The New York Times A visual guide to the crisis in Iraq and Syria. has a constantly updated visual guide to the activities of ISIS/ISIL and the world response. Maps are provided of airstrikes and refugees as well as links to further information.
The Guardian Newspaper (UK) has a webpage that offers "The latest news and comment on the Islamic State (Isis) militant group."