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Lloyd Sealy Library
John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Corrections 320 - Race, Class and Gender in a Correctional Context: spring 2017 handout

This is a short guide to resources of use to students enrolled in COR -320. Students doing research on corrections in other classes may find it helpful as well.

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COR 320 – LIBRARY TIPS AND SUGGESTED RESOURCES  SPRING 20017

[E. Belcher 2016, edited by E. Sexton 2017]

 

LIBRARY SUBJECT GUIDES – FIRST PLACE TO GO

The following library research guides link to and explain most of the information presented in this handout. You can find all of our Subject Guides from our homepage www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu

Citing Sources: APA, MLA & Chicago Styles http://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/citing_sources  :  In order to distinguish your ideas from others you MUST cite your sources properly in your paper, within the text and in the bibliography at the end.  This guide will help you. 

Prisoner Reentry, Probation and Parole Subject Guide http://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/reentry

New York Prisons and Jails Subject Guide http://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/NYPrisons

Criminal Justice Subject Guide http://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/criminaljustice

Statistics Subject Guide http://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/statistics

Domestic Violence subject guide http://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/domesticviolence  

 

GETTING STARTED & CHOOSING TOPICS – BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEWS

Specialized Encyclopedias and Reports are a great way to get some background on your topic and narrow down what you are going to write about here are some suggestions.

Try searching your topic in: CQ Researcher which offers these recent reports of interest:

Glazer. S. (2017, March 3). Women in prisonCQ Researcher, 27, 193-216.  

Glazer, S. (2014, January 10). Sentencing reform. CQ Researcher24, 25-48.

Lyons, C. L. (2016, February 5). Restorative justice. CQ Researcher26, 121-144

Lyons, C. L. (2015, September 11). Reforming juvenile justice. CQ Researcher25, 745-768.

Karaim, R. (2015, October 23). Immigrant detention. CQ Researcher25, 889-912.

Katel, P. (2016, January 8). Racial conflict. CQ Researcher26, 25-48

Katel, P. (2012, September 14). Solitary confinement. CQ Researcher22, 765-788.

Katel, P. (2011, March 11). Downsizing prisons. CQ Researcher21, 217-240.

Katel, P. (2009, December 4). Prisoner reentry. CQ Researcher19, 1005-1028.

 Try searching your topic in Encyclopedia databases such as: Gale Virtual Reference LibraryClick on the hyperlink for the e-book if provided, or go to the shelves in the Reference Area, upper floor.

  • Bosworth, M. (Ed.). (2005). Encyclopedia of prisons & correctional facilities (Vols. 1-2). Reference HV 9471 .E43 2005
  • Bryant, C.D. (Ed.). (2001). Encyclopedia of criminology and deviant behavior (Vols. 1-4). Reference HV 6017 .E53 2001
  • Dressler J. (Ed.). (2002). Encyclopedia of crime & justice (2nd ed., Vols. 1-4).. Reference HV 6017 .E52 2002
  • K. M. Evans, (2014). Crime, Prisons, and Jails, 2013 ed. Detroit: Gale. 
  • Levinson, D. (Ed.). (2002). Encyclopedia of crime and punishment (Vols. 1-4). Reference HV 6017 .E524 2002
  • Sullivan. L. (Ed.). (2005). Encyclopedia of law enforcement (Vols. 1-3). Reference HV 7921 .E53 2005
  • Wright, R.A. & Miller, J.M. (Eds.). (2005). Encyclopedia of criminology Reference HV 6017 .E5295
  •  

Search for books using OneSearch:

From the library home page:   www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu 

 

You can borrow “stacks” printed books from any CUNY library, or request that they be sent here (use the request button). Don’t request JJ books – go to the shelf and pick them up yourself. Do get a barcode for your JJ id card -  at the library desk on the lower floor.  

 

Our books are shelved according to the Library of Congress classification system, an alphanumeric system which groups books by subject categories, or classes.

H                                 Social sciences

HV                               Criminology, social pathology, social welfare.

HV 6431                      Terrorism

HV 7431                      Crime prevention

HV 7551-8080             Policing

HV 8035-8069             Special crimes, offenses and criminals

HV 8073-8079.35        Criminal investigation

HV 8301-9920.7          Prisons. Corrections

HV 9051-9230.7          Juvenile offenders. Juvenile delinquency

HV 9261-9430.7          Reformation of adult prisoners including probation,

parole, reentry

OneSearch will also discover articles, videos, etc.

But it does not cover EVERYTHING. Use Criminal Justice Abstracts or SocINDEX to efficiently find peer reviewed articles published in criminal justice and sociology journals.

 

Scholarly communication & peer review

Scholars formally communicate the results of their research, and establish precedence, by writing and publishing articles in academic journals.  Usually these articles go through peer review before they are accepted for publication.  The researchers’ peers, all experts in the topic being studied, anonymously judge the quality and uniqueness of the work reported in the paper, and recommend, or not, that the manuscript be published. 

Peer review is:

 “The evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work

                                                                                by others working in the same field.”

 “The process used by publishers and editors of academic journals to provide a chance for scholars to examine and critique a paper or monograph before it is published to help ensure its integrity and veracity.”    [from Oxford Reference Online    http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=http://www.oxfordreference.com  ]

 

To efficiently discover peer-reviewed academic articles on a topic, search a library database such as Criminal Justice Abstracts

 

Browse the entire list under “subject = criminal justice”:   www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu   

Criminal Justice Abstracts  Searches articles published in (mostly)  academic criminal justice journals. (can add other EBSCO platform databases to the search, e..g Academic Search Complete)

Criminal Justice Periodical Index: Searches practitioner periodicals, e.g. The Police Chief.  

SocINDEX  and / or Social Science Premium Collection Both are great tools for finding peer reviewed, academic articles published in sociology journals. 

Academic Search Complete (EBSCOHost)  Searches a broad range of magazine and journal articles.

Google Scholar  A tool that searches the web for journal articles.  I don’t recommend this as your search tool,  BUT if you do use it, use the link on the library choose a database menu – then you will avoid paywalls and get easy & free access to many more PDFs.  

How to search any database

KEYWORDS - Use AND to narrow your search.  Use OR to broaden your search.  This is called Boolean searching.  You may find it easier to construct these searches using the search boxes providing the Boolean terms AND, OR, NOT in dropdown menus in many databases’ advanced search. Some examples of constructed Boolean search strings are:

Female Offenders AND Parole AND New York 

Women AND (Probation OR Parole)

(Juveniles OR Youth) AND Sentencing

Teenagers AND Murder AND (Sentencing OR Sentences)

Hispanics AND New York AND Parole

(Prison and Visitation) OR  “prison visits”

Reentry AND Employment

Recidivism AND Drugs AND Offenders

Reentry OR Re-Entry

Health Care and Prisoners

 

Asterisk *  truncates:

prison* gets prison, prisons, prisoner, prisoners. 

“Quotation marks” keeps words together:  “new york city”.

 

 

Other Keywords to consider:

  • deinstitutionalization
  • probation
  • restorative justice
  • ex-convicts
  • women ex-convicts
  • offenders
  • ex-offenders
  • parole
  • rehabilitation
  • community-based corrections
  • victim’s rights
  • public safety
  • health
  • substance abuse
  • violence
  • mental illness
  • housing employment
  • race
  • African Americans
  • Hispanics
  • gender
  • economics

 

 

 

Gray literature:  Reports from government agencies,

think tanks, & non-profit organizations.

Many useful criminal justice reports may be found with the OneSearch discovery tool,  Criminal Justice Abstracts, and Criminal Justice Periodical Index.  You will also find reports on the web using Google.  

Ask yourself:  who wrote the report?  When? And why?  Can you identify bias?

The CRAAP Test suggests evaluating information by Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy & Purpose, before deciding whether or not to use it for your assignment.

 

USEFUL GOVERNMENT AND NON-GOVERNMENT AGENCY WEBSITES  


Offender Reintegration, National Institute of Corrections    http://nicic.org/Features/Library/?Tag=385&Group=7


National Reentry Resource Center   http://www.nationalreentryresourcecenter.org/ 

 

Prisoner Reentry, Urban Institute   http://www.urban.org/projects/reentry-portfolio/publications.cfm  

Prisoner Reentry Institute, John Jay College of Criminal Justice    http://www.jjay.cuny.edu/centersinstitutes/pri.asp    

The Re-entry Policy Council    http://www.reentrypolicy.org/reentry   

Reentry Resource Center: New York   http://www.reentry.net/ny/ 

Innocence Project   http://www.innocenceproject.org/    

 

AGENCY WEBSITES -FEDERAL

NCJRS Justice Information Center A well-organized site of the U.S. Department of Justice with direct access to full-text government documents as well as links to other sites. Provides the full text of NIJ and other OJP and Office of National Drug Control Policy publications.  

United States Department of Justice Information about the DOJ, including press releases from the Attorney General. This department is home to most federal criminal justice agencies.  Office of Justice Programs Funding and research arm of the DOJ. Includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the  National Institute of Justice - the research, development, and evaluation agency of the U.S. Department of Justice.  

Federal Bureau of Prisons Official website of the agency that oversees Federal corrections institutions. It is part of the U.S. Department of Justice.

Corrections: Reentry/Release, National Criminal Justice Reference Service   http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Topics/Topic.aspx?topicid=21   

Second Chance for Ex-Offenders Act of 2007 (H.R. 623 IH)  https://www.congress.gov/bill/110th-congress/house-bill/623   

Reentry, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs   http://www.reentry.gov/   

 

Statistics

Googling “Prison Inmates and Statistics and [state]” as well as searching the agencies’ names will usually find statistics reports. 

Bureau of Justice Statistics    (a Federal government agency site)    http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov          Many statistical reports are available from this website on all aspects of parole, probation and prisoner reentry. Especially recommended, the yearly reports Probation and Parole in the United States.

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics – http://www.albany.edu/sourcebook/  

New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services publications – http://www.criminaljustice.ny.gov/crimnet/pubs.htm       See also the statistics header.  

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data – NACJD       http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/NACJD/ 

Search ‘parole’ for statistical tables and reports. Including their Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities and their Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) data.